Alam-Pedja Nature reserve celebrates 20th birthday
On February 17th Alam-Pedja Nature Reserve celebrated its 20th
birthday. The Environmental Board (Keskkonnaamet) together with the
interest groups related to the area and the advisory council that brings
together individuals will be arranging different activities to
introduce the nature reserve during the whole celebratory year –
thematic nature evenings, various competitions and work camps. The new
protection management plan for the area will be completed.
On February 17th, 1994, the borders of the nature reserve were
approved through the Government regulation no. 61, based on the
regulations for the Adavare, Pikknurme, Laeva, Konguta and Dubrovski
forest districts. Since June 17th 1997 Alam-Pedja is a wetland area of
international importance (a so called Ramsar area) and from 2004 onwards
a bird and nature reserve area in the Pan-European network of protected
areas, Natura 2000.
Alam-Pedja is a unique complex of bogs, forests and meadows in the
upper reaches of river Emajõgi in the ancient Võrtsjärv basin where the
waters flowing down from the Pandivere highlands running along the Pedja
and Põltsamaa river come together. The initial area of 26 000 hectares
has by now increased to nearly 34 400 hectares. A large part of the
territory was an exercise area for the USSR army for nearly fifty years
before the creation of the nature protection area.
The area has no through-going roads and there are less than 10
permanent residents. In contrast nearly all eagle species in Estonia are
present in Alam-Pedja. In total about 200 bird species have been
recorded here, more than 150 of them breeding. In addition there are 485
vascular plant species, 184 mosses, 680 fungi, 272 lichen, 22 mollusc,
32 dragonfly, 410 large butterfly, 35 fish and 11 amphibian species.
Moreover there are more than 100 Coleoptera, 2 reptilian and 43 mammal
species. Over 90% of the reserve area comprises the 19 different
habitats of the nature directive.
A number of exciting activities will be taking place in the birthday
year. Detailed information about them is on the Alam-Pedja Nature
Reserve website: http://www.keskkonnaamet.ee/alam
The themes related to the nature reserve will also be presented on the Looduskalender web site:
Estonian environmental board; responsible for conservation, Jõgeva-Tartu region